6 Approved for Filing: K.P. Gasser 6 st
1 Sub. (Buff)
6 02-02-24 4:25 PM 6
Representative Ken Ivory proposes the following substitute bill:
4 Chief Sponsor: Robert M. Spendlove
5 Senate Sponsor: ____________
8 General Description:
9 This bill increases fines and penalties for speeding in a school zone and failure to obey
10 school bus signals.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 < increases fines for speeding in a school zone;
14 < increases fines and compensatory services for failure to obey school bus signals;
15 < requires the Judicial Council to adjust certain fines in the Uniform Fine Schedule to
16 adjust for inflation; and
17 < makes technical changes.
18 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
19 None
20 Other Special Clauses: 1 stSub. H.B. 345
21 None
22 Utah Code Sections Affected:
24 41-6a-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2023, Chapters 219, 532
25 41-6a-604, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
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26 41-6a-1302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapter 55
28 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
29 Section 1. Section 41-6a-102 is amended to read:
30 41-6a-102. Definitions.
31 As used in this chapter:
32 (1) "Alley" means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of
33 lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for through vehicular traffic.
34 (2) "All-terrain type I vehicle" means the same as that term is defined in Section
35 41-22-2.
36 (3) "Authorized emergency vehicle" includes:
37 (a) fire department vehicles;
38 (b) police vehicles;
39 (c) ambulances; and
40 (d) other publicly or privately owned vehicles as designated by the commissioner of the
41 Department of Public Safety.
42 (4) "Autocycle" means the same as that term is defined in Section 53-3-102.
43 (5) (a) "Bicycle" means a wheeled vehicle:
44 (i) propelled by human power by feet or hands acting upon pedals or cranks;
45 (ii) with a seat or saddle designed for the use of the operator;
46 (iii) designed to be operated on the ground; and
47 (iv) whose wheels are not less than 14 inches in diameter.
48 (b) "Bicycle" includes an electric assisted bicycle.
49 (c) "Bicycle" does not include scooters and similar devices.
50 (6) (a) "Bus" means a motor vehicle:
51 (i) designed for carrying more than 15 passengers and used for the transportation of
52 persons; or
53 (ii) designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
54 (b) "Bus" does not include a taxicab.
55 (7) (a) "Circular intersection" means an intersection that has an island, generally
56 circular in design, located in the center of the intersection where traffic passes to the right of
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57 the island.
58 (b) "Circular intersection" includes:
59 (i) roundabouts;
60 (ii) rotaries; and
61 (iii) traffic circles.
62 (8) "Class 1 electric assisted bicycle" means an electric assisted bicycle described in
63 Subsection [(18)(d)(i)] (19)(d)(i).
64 (9) "Class 2 electric assisted bicycle" means an electric assisted bicycle described in
65 Subsection [(18)(d)(ii)] (19)(d)(ii).
66 (10) "Class 3 electric assisted bicycle" means an electric assisted bicycle described in
67 Subsection [(18)(d)(iii)].
68 (11) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety.
69 (12) "Consumer Price Index" means the same as that term is defined in Section
70 41-1a-102.
71 [(12)] (13) "Controlled-access highway" means a highway, street, or roadway:
72 (a) designed primarily for through traffic; and
73 (b) to or from which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no
74 legal right of access, except at points as determined by the highway authority having
75 jurisdiction over the highway, street, or roadway.
76 [(13)] (14) "Crosswalk" means:
77 (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the
78 lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from:
79 (i) (A) the curbs; or
80 (B) in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and
81 (ii) in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway
82 included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk at right angles to the
83 centerline; or
84 (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for
85 pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
86 [(14)] (15) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
87 [(15)] (16) "Direct supervision" means oversight at a distance within which:
1st Sub. (Buff) H.B. 345 02-02-24 4:25 PM
88 (a) visual contact is maintained; and
89 (b) advice and assistance can be given and received.
90 [(16)] (17) "Divided highway" means a highway divided into two or more roadways
91 by:
92 (a) an unpaved intervening space;
93 (b) a physical barrier; or
94 (c) a clearly indicated dividing section constructed to impede vehicular traffic.
95 [(17)] (18) "Echelon formation" means the operation of two or more snowplows
96 arranged side-by-side or diagonally across multiple lanes of traffic of a multi-lane highway to
97 clear snow from two or more lanes at once.
98 [(18)] (19) "Electric assisted bicycle" means a bicycle with an electric motor that:
99 (a) has a power output of not more than 750 watts;
100 (b) has fully operable pedals on permanently affixed cranks;
101 (c) is fully operable as a bicycle without the use of the electric motor; and
102 (d) is one of the following:
103 (i) an electric assisted bicycle equipped with a motor or electronics that:
104 (A) provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling; and
105 (B) ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per
106 hour;
107 (ii) an electric assisted bicycle equipped with a motor or electronics that:
108 (A) may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle; and
109 (B) is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20
110 miles per hour; or
111 (iii) an electric assisted bicycle equipped with a motor or electronics that:
112 (A) provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling;
113 (B) ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 miles per
114 hour; and
115 (C) is equipped with a speedometer.
116 [(19)] (20) (a) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" means a self-balancing
117 device with:
118 (i) two nontandem wheels in contact with the ground;
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119 (ii) a system capable of steering and stopping the unit under typical operating
120 conditions;
121 (iii) an electric propulsion system with average power of one horsepower or 750 watts;
122 (iv) a maximum speed capacity on a paved, level surface of 12.5 miles per hour; and
123 (v) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device.
124 (b) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" does not include a wheelchair.
125 [(20)] (21) "Explosives" means a chemical compound or mechanical mixture
126 commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and that contains any
127 oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in proportions, quantities, or packing so
128 that an ignition by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator of any part of the
129 compound or mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases, and the resultant
130 gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of
131 causing death or serious bodily injury.
132 [(21)] (22) "Farm tractor" means a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm
133 implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry.
134 [(22)] (23) "Flammable liquid" means a liquid that has a flashpoint of 100 degrees F. or
135 less, as determined by a Tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.
136 [(23)] (24) "Freeway" means a controlled-access highway that is part of the interstate
137 system as defined in Section 72-1-102.
138 [(24)] (25) (a) "Golf cart" means a device that:
139 (i) is designed for transportation by players on a golf course;
140 (ii) has not less than three wheels in contact with the ground;
141 (iii) has an unladen weight of less than 1,800 pounds;
142 (iv) is designed to operate at low speeds; and
143 (v) is designed to carry not more than six persons including the driver.
144 (b) "Golf cart" does not include:
145 (i) a low-speed vehicle or an off-highway vehicle;
146 (ii) a motorized wheelchair;
147 (iii) an electric personal assistive mobility device;
148 (iv) an electric assisted bicycle;
149 (v) a motor assisted scooter;
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150 (vi) a personal delivery device, as defined in Section 41-6a-1119; or
151 (vii) a mobile carrier, as defined in Section 41-6a-1120.
152 [(25)] (26) "Gore area" means the area delineated by two solid white lines that is
153 between a continuing lane of a through roadway and a lane used to enter or exit the continuing
154 lane including similar areas between merging or splitting highways.
155 [(26)] (27) "Gross weight" means the weight of a vehicle without a load plus the
156 weight of any load on the vehicle.
157 [(27)] (28) "Hi-rail vehicle" means a roadway maintenance vehicle that is:
158 (a) manufactured to meet Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; and
159 (b) equipped with retractable flanged wheels that allow the vehicle to travel on a
160 highway or railroad tracks.
161 [(28)] (29) "Highway" means the entire width between property lines of every way or
162 place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for
163 vehicular travel.
164 [(29)] (30) "Highway authority" means the same as that term is defined in Section
165 72-1-102.
166 [(30)] (31) (a) "Intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation or
167 connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways
168 of two or more highways that join one another.
169 (b) Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart:
170 (i) every crossing of each roadway of the divided highway by an intersecting highway
171 is a separate intersection; and
172 (ii) if the intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then
173 every crossing of two roadways of the highways is a separate intersection.
174 (c) "Intersection" does not include the junction of an alley with a street or highway.
175 [(31)] (32) "Island" means an area between traffic lanes or at an intersection for control
176 of vehicle movements or for pedestrian refuge designated by:
177 (a) pavement markings, which may include an area designated by two solid yellow
178 lines surrounding the perimeter of the area;
179 (b) channelizing devices;
180 (c) curbs;
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181 (d) pavement edges; or
182 (e) other devices.
183 [(32)] (33) "Lane filtering" means, when operating a motorcycle other than an
184 autocycle, the act of overtaking and passing another vehicle that is stopped in the same
185 direction of travel in the same lane.
186 [(33)] (34) "Law enforcement agency" means the same as that term is as defined in
187 Section 53-1-102.
188 [(34)] (35) "Limited access highway" means a highway:
189 (a) that is designated specifically for through traffic; and
190 (b) over, from, or to which neither owners nor occupants of abutting lands nor other
191 persons have any right or easement, or have only a limited right or easement of access, light,
192 air, or view.
193 [(35)] (36) "Local highway authority" means the legislative, executive, or governing
194 body of a county, municipal, or other local board or body having authority to enact laws
195 relating to traffic under the constitution and laws of the state.
196 [(36)] (37) (a) "Low-speed vehicle" means a four wheeled electric motor vehicle that:
197 (i) is designed to be operated at speeds of not more than 25 miles per hour; and
198 (ii) has a capacity of not more than six passengers, including a conventional driver or
199 fallback-ready user if on board the vehicle, as those terms are defined in Section 41-26-102.1.
200 (b) "Low-speed vehicle" does not include a golfcart or an off-highway vehicle.
201 [(37)] (38) "Metal tire" means a tire, the surface of which in contact with the highway
202 is wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient material.
203 [(38)] (39) (a) "Mini-motorcycle" means a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle that has a
204 seat or saddle that is less than 24 inches from the ground as measured on a level surface with
205 properly inflated tires.
206 (b) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a moped or a motor assisted scooter.
207 (c) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a motorcycle that is:
208 (i) designed for off-highway use; and
209 (ii) registered as an off-highway vehicle under Section 41-22-3.
210 [(39)] (40) "Mobile home" means:
211 (a) a trailer or semitrailer that is:
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212 (i) designed, constructed, and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode, or sleeping
213 place either permanently or temporarily; and
214 (ii) equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways; or
215 (b) a trailer or a semitrailer whose chassis and exterior shell is designed and
216 constructed for use as a mobile home, as defined in Subsection [(39)(a)] (40)(a), but that is
217 instead used permanently or temporarily for:
218 (i) the advertising, sale, display, or promotion of merchandise or services; or
219 (ii) any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property for hire or the
220 transportation of property for distribution by a private carrier.
221 [(40)] (41) "Mobility disability" means the inability of a person to use one or more of
222 the person's extremities or difficulty with motor skills, that may include limitations with
223 walking, grasping, or lifting an object, caused by a neuro-muscular, orthopedic, or other
224 condition.
225 [(41)] (42) (a) "Moped" means a motor-driven cycle having:
226 (i) pedals to permit propulsion by human power; and
227 (ii) a motor that:
228 (A) produces not more than two brake horsepower; and
229 (B) is not capable of propelling the cycle at a speed in excess of 30 miles per hour on
230 level ground.
231 (b) If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic
232 centimeters and the moped shall have a power drive system that functions directly or
233 automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged.
234 (c) "Moped" does not include:
235 (i) an electric assisted bicycle; or
236 (ii) a motor assisted scooter.
237 [(42)] (43) (a) "Motor assisted scooter" means a self-propelled device with:
238 (i) at least two wheels in contact with the ground;
239 (ii) a braking system capable of stopping the unit under typical operating conditions;
240 (iii) an electric motor not exceeding 2,000 watts;
241 (iv) either:
242 (A) handlebars and a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device; or
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243 (B) handlebars and a seat designed for a person to sit, straddle, or stand while operat