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4 Chief Sponsor: Wayne A. Harper
5 House Sponsor: Kay J. Christofferson
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends and enacts provisions related to advanced air mobility systems.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 < defines terms;
13 < renumbers and amends provisions related to unmanned aircraft systems and
14 organizes those provisions with code related to the Division of Aeronautics;
15 < amends the powers of the Division of Aeronautics to include oversight of vertiports
16 and other topics related to advanced air mobility systems;
17 < requires registration of unmanned aircraft systems and advanced air mobility
18 systems;
19 < grants rulemaking authority to the Department of Transportation to make rules
20 related to registration fees and registration requirements for unmanned aircraft
21 systems and advanced air mobility systems;
22 < enacts and amends provisions related to preemption of local ordinances and
23 business licensing of advanced air mobility business; and
24 < makes technical changes.
25 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
26 None
27 Other Special Clauses:
28 None
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29 Utah Code Sections Affected:
31 72-10-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2019, Chapters 431, 479
32 72-10-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2019, Chapter 431
33 72-10-109, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 436
34 72-10-110, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 436
35 76-2-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2022, Chapter 93
36 76-9-308, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2022, Chapter 99
38 72-10-1001, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40 72-10-701, (Renumbered from 72-14-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2022,
41 Chapter 99)
42 72-10-702, (Renumbered from 72-14-104, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter
43 364)
44 72-10-801, (Renumbered from 72-14-202, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter
45 364)
46 72-10-802, (Renumbered from 72-14-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2022,
47 Chapter 64)
48 72-10-803, (Renumbered from 72-14-204, as renumbered and amended by Laws of
49 Utah 2017, Chapter 364)
50 72-10-804, (Renumbered from 72-14-205, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter
51 364)
52 72-10-901, (Renumbered from 72-14-302, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter
53 364)
54 72-10-902, (Renumbered from 72-14-303, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter
55 364)
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56 72-10-903, (Renumbered from 72-14-304, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter
57 40)
58 72-10-1002, (Renumbered from 72-14-403, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter
59 364)
61 72-14-101, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 364
62 72-14-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2022, Chapter 99
63 72-14-201, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 364
64 72-14-301, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 364
65 72-14-401, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 364
66 72-14-402, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 364
68 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
69 Section 1. Section 72-10-102 is amended to read:
70 72-10-102. Definitions.
71 As used in this chapter:
72 (1) "Acrobatics" means the intentional maneuvers of an aircraft not necessary to air
73 navigation.
74 (2) (a) "Advanced air mobility system" means a system that transports individuals and
75 property using piloted and unpiloted aircraft, including electric aircraft and electric vertical
76 takeoff and landing aircraft, in controlled or uncontrolled airspace.
77 (b) "Advanced air mobility system" includes each component of a system described in
78 Subsection (2)(a), including:
79 (i) the aircraft, including payload;
80 (ii) communications equipment;
81 (iii) navigation equipment;
82 (iv) controllers;
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83 (v) support equipment; and
84 (vi) remote and autonomous functions.
85 (3) "Aerial transit corridor" means an airspace volume defining a three-dimensional
86 route segment with performance requirements to operate within or to cross where tactical air
87 traffic control separation services are not provided.
88 [(2)] (4) "Aeronautics" means transportation by aircraft, air instruction, the operation,
89 repair, or maintenance of aircraft, and the design, operation, repair, or maintenance of airports,
90 or other air navigation facilities.
91 [(3)] (5) "Aeronautics instructor" means any individual engaged in giving or offering to
92 give instruction in aeronautics, flying, or ground subjects, either with or without:
93 (a) compensation or other reward;
94 (b) advertising the occupation;
95 (c) calling his facilities an air school, or any equivalent term; or
96 (d) employing or using other instructors.
97 [(4)] (6) "Aircraft" means any contrivance now known or in the future invented, used,
98 or designed for navigation of or flight in the air.
99 [(5)] (7) "Air instruction" means the imparting of aeronautical information by any
100 aviation instructor or in any air school or flying club.
101 [(6)] (8) "Airport" means any area of land, water, or both, that:
102 (a) is used or is made available for landing and takeoff;
103 (b) provides facilities for the shelter, supply, and repair of aircraft, and handling of
104 passengers and cargo;
105 (c) meets the minimum requirements established by the department as to size and
106 design, surface, marking, equipment, and operation; and
107 (d) includes all areas shown as part of the airport in the current airport layout plan as
108 approved by the Federal Aviation Administration.
109 [(7)] (9) "Airport authority" means a political subdivision of the state, other than a
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110 county or municipality, that is authorized by statute to operate an airport.
111 [(8)] (10) "Airport operator" means a municipality, county, or airport authority that
112 owns or operates a commercial airport.
113 [(9)] (11) (a) "Airport revenue" means:
114 (i) all fees, charges, rents, or other payments received by or accruing to an airport
115 operator for any of the following reasons:
116 (A) revenue from air carriers, tenants, lessees, purchasers of airport properties, airport
117 permittees making use of airport property and services, and other parties;
118 (B) revenue received from the activities of others or the transfer of rights to others
119 relating to the airport, including revenue received:
120 (I) for the right to conduct an activity on the airport or to use or occupy airport
121 property;
122 (II) for the sale, transfer, or disposition of airport real or personal property, or any
123 interest in that property, including transfer through a condemnation proceeding;
124 (III) for the sale of, or the sale or lease of rights in, mineral, natural, or agricultural
125 products or water owned by the airport operator to be taken from the airport; and
126 (IV) for the right to conduct an activity on, or for the use or disposition of, real or
127 personal property or any interest in real or personal property owned or controlled by the airport
128 operator and used for an airport-related purpose but not located on the airport; or
129 (C) revenue received from activities conducted by the airport operator whether on or
130 off the airport, which is directly connected to the airport operator's ownership or operation of
131 the airport; and
132 (ii) state and local taxes on aviation fuel.
133 (b) "Airport revenue" does not include amounts received by an airport operator as
134 passenger facility fees pursuant to 49 U.S.C. Sec. 40117.
135 [(10)] (12) "Air school" means any person engaged in giving, offering to give, or
136 advertising, representing, or holding himself out as giving, with or without compensation or
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137 other reward, instruction in aeronautics, flying, or ground subjects, or in more than one of these
138 subjects.
139 [(11)] (13) "Airworthiness" means conformity with requirements prescribed by the
140 Federal Aviation Administration regarding the structure or functioning of aircraft, engine,
141 parts, or accessories.
142 [(12)] (14) "Civil aircraft" means any aircraft other than a public aircraft.
143 [(13)] (15) "Commercial aircraft" means aircraft used for commercial purposes.
144 [(14)] (16) "Commercial airport" means a landing area, landing strip, or airport that
145 may be used for commercial operations.
146 [(15)] (17) "Commercial flight operator" means a person who conducts commercial
147 operations.
148 [(16)] (18) "Commercial operations" means:
149 (a) any operations of an aircraft for compensation or hire or any services performed
150 incidental to the operation of any aircraft for which a fee is charged or compensation is
151 received, including the servicing, maintaining, and repairing of aircraft, the rental or charter of
152 aircraft, the operation of flight or ground schools, the operation of aircraft for the application or
153 distribution of chemicals or other substances, and the operation of aircraft for hunting and
154 fishing; or
155 (b) the brokering or selling of any of these services; but
156 (c) does not include any operations of aircraft as common carriers certificated by the
157 federal government or the services incidental to those operations.
158 (19) "Correctional facility" means the same as that term is defined in Section
159 77-16b-102.
160 [(17)] (20) "Dealer" means any person who is actively engaged in the business of flying
161 for demonstration purposes, or selling or exchanging aircraft, and who has an established place
162 of business.
163 [(18)] (21) "Experimental aircraft" means:
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164 (a) any aircraft designated by the Federal Aviation Administration or the military as
165 experimental and used solely for the purpose of experiments, or tests regarding the structure or
166 functioning of aircraft, engines, or their accessories; and
167 (b) any aircraft designated by the Federal Aviation Administration as:
168 (i) being custom or amateur built; and
169 (ii) used for recreational, educational, or display purposes.
170 [(19)] (22) "Flight" means any kind of locomotion by aircraft while in the air.
171 [(20)] (23) "Flying club" means five or more persons who for neither profit nor reward
172 own, lease, or use one or more aircraft for the purpose of instruction, pleasure, or both.
173 [(21)] (24) "Glider" means an aircraft heavier than air, similar to an airplane, but
174 without a power plant.
175 [(22)] (25) "Mechanic" means a person who constructs, repairs, adjusts, inspects, or
176 overhauls aircraft, engines, or accessories.
177 [(23)] (26) "Parachute jumper" means any person who has passed the required test for
178 jumping with a parachute from an aircraft, and has passed an examination showing that he
179 possesses the required physical and mental qualifications for the jumping.
180 [(24)] (27) "Parachute rigger" means any person who has passed the required test for
181 packing, repairing, and maintaining parachutes.
182 [(25)] (28) "Passenger aircraft" means aircraft used for transporting persons, in
183 addition to the pilot or crew, with or without their necessary personal belongings.
184 [(26)] (29) "Person" means any individual, corporation, limited liability company, or
185 association of individuals.
186 [(27)] (30) "Pilot" means any person who operates the controls of an aircraft while
187 in-flight.
188 [(28)] (31) "Primary glider" means any glider that has a gliding angle of less than 10 to
189 one.
190 [(29)] (32) "Public aircraft" means an aircraft used exclusively in the service of any
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191 government or of any political subdivision, including the government of the United States, of
192 the District of Columbia, and of any state, territory, or insular possession of the United States,
193 but not including any government-owned aircraft engaged in carrying persons or goods for
194 commercial purposes.
195 [(30)] (33) "Reckless flying" means the operation or piloting of any aircraft recklessly,
196 or in a manner as to endanger the property, life, or body of any person, due regard being given
197 to the prevailing weather conditions, field conditions, and to the territory being flown over.
198 [(31)] (34) "Registration number" means the number assigned by the Federal Aviation
199 Administration to any aircraft, whether or not the number includes a letter or letters.
200 [(32)] (35) "Secondary glider" means any glider that has a gliding angle between 10 to
201 one and 16 to one, inclusive.
202 [(33)] (36) "Soaring glider" means any glider that has a gliding angle of more than 16
203 to one.
204 (37) "Unmanned aircraft" means an aircraft that is:
205 (a) capable of sustaining flight; and
206 (b) operated with no possible direct human intervention from on or within the aircraft.
207 (38) "Unmanned aircraft system" means the entire system used to operate an unmanned
208 aircraft, including:
209 (a) the unmanned aircraft, including payload;
210 (b) communications equipment;
211 (c) navigation equipment;
212 (d) controllers;
213 (e) support equipment; and
214 (f) autopilot functionality.
215 (39) "Unmanned aircraft system traffic management" means a traffic management
216 ecosystem for uncontrolled operations, including unmanned aircraft systems, that is separate
217 from, but complementary to, the Federal Aviation Administration's air traffic management
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218 system.
219 (40) "Vertiport" means an area of land, or a structure, used or intended to be used for
220 electric, hydrogen, and hybrid vertical aircraft landings and takeoffs, including associated
221 buildings and facilities.
222 Section 2. Section 72-10-103 is amended to read:
223 72-10-103. Rulemaking requirement.
224 (1) In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
225 department shall make rules:
226 (a) governing the establishment, location, and use of air navigation facilities;
227 (b) regulating the use, licensing, and supervision of all airports and vertiports in this
228 state;
229 (c) establishing minimum standards with which all air navigation facilities, flying
230 clubs, aircraft, gliders, pilots, and airports must comply; and
231 (d) safeguarding from accident and protecting the safety of persons operating or using
232 aircraft and persons and property on the ground.
233 (2) The rules may:
234 (a) require that any device or accessory that forms part of any aircraft or its equipment
235 be certified as complying with this chapter;
236 (b) limit the use of any device or accessory as necessary for safety; and
237 (c) develop and promote aeronautics within this state.
238 (3) (a) To avoid the danger of accident incident to confusion arising from conflicting
239 rules governing aeronautics, the rules shall conform as nearly as possible with federal
240 legislation, rules, regulations, and orders on aeronautics.
241 (b) The rules may not be inconsistent with paramount federal legislation, rules,
242 regulations, and orders on the subject.
243 (4) The department may not require any pilot, aircraft, or mechanic who has procured a
244 license under the Civil Aeronautics Authority of the United States to obtain a license from this
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