The bill amends sections 12-25-17 and 12-25-22 of the General Laws in Chapter 12-25, entitled "Criminal Injuries Compensation." It introduces a new definition for "medical forensic examination," which refers to an examination of a sexual assault victim by a healthcare provider with specialized education and clinical experience in forensic evidence collection and treatment. This examination includes gathering medical forensic history, conducting an examination, documenting biological and physical findings, and collecting evidence from the patient.

Additionally, the bill modifies the limitations upon awarding compensation under the chapter. It allows for compensation claims to be initiated within three years after the date of injury or death, and it specifies that no compensation shall be awarded for a crime not reported to law enforcement within fifteen days of its occurrence. However, an exception is made for victims of sexual assault who receive a medical forensic examination within fifteen days of the crime, even if they do not report the crime to the police. This change enables sexual assault victims to establish eligibility for funds under the State Crime Victim Compensation Program using a medical forensic exam instead of a police report. The act is set to take effect upon passage.