ASSEMBLY, No. 3860






Sponsored by:


District 15 (Hunterdon and Mercer)


District 14 (Mercer and Middlesex)


District 15 (Hunterdon and Mercer)


Co-Sponsored by:

Assemblyman Sampson and Assemblywoman Speight






Establishes certain medical billing requirements concerning specific nature of charges or expenses for health care services.



As introduced.

An Act concerning medical billing requirements and supplementing Title 45 of the Revised Statutes.


Be It Enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey:


1. a. As used in this section:

"Carrier" means an entity that contracts or offers to contract to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services under a health benefits plan, including: an insurance company authorized to issue health benefits plans; a health maintenance organization; a health, hospital, or medical service corporation; a multiple employer welfare arrangement; the State Health Benefits Program and the School Employees Health Benefits Program; or any other entity providing a health benefits plan. Except as provided under the provisions of this act, carrier shall not include any other entity providing or administering a self-funded health benefits plan.

Episode of care means the medical care ordered to be provided for a specific medical procedure, condition, or illness.

"Health benefits plan" means a benefits plan which pays or provides hospital and medical expense benefits for covered services, and is delivered or issued for delivery in this State by or through a carrier. For the purposes of this act, health benefits plan shall not include the following plans, policies or contracts: Medicaid, Medicare, Medicare Advantage, accident only, credit, disability, long-term care, TRICARE supplement coverage, coverage arising out of a workers' compensation or similar law, automobile medical payment insurance, personal injury protection insurance issued pursuant to P.L.1972, c.70 (C.39:6A-1 et seq.), a dental plan as defined pursuant to section 1 of P.L.2014, c.70 (C.26:2S-26) and hospital confinement indemnity coverage.

Health care facility means a health care facility licensed pursuant to P.L.1971, c.136 (C.26:2H-1 et al.)

Health care professional means an individual, acting within the scope of the individuals licensure or certification, who provides professional services in, or under contract with, a health care facility.

Health care provider or provider means a health care professional or health care facility.

Health care service means the preadmission, outpatient, inpatient, and post discharge care provided in or by a health care facility, and such other items or services as are necessary for such care, including but not limited to medical devices, which are provided for the purpose of health maintenance, diagnosis, or treatment of human disease, pain, injury, disability, deformity, or physical condition, including, but not limited to, nursing service, home care nursing, and other paramedical service, ambulance service, dental and vision services, service provided by an intern, resident in training or physician whose compensation is provided through agreement with a health care facility, laboratory service, medical social service, drugs, biologicals, supplies, appliances, equipment, bed and board, including services provided by a health care professional in private practice.

Self-funded health benefits plan or self-funded plan means a self-insured health benefits plan governed by the provisions of the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. s.1001 et seq.

b. (1) A health care provider shall, within 30 days after a patient's discharge or release or within seven days after receiving a written request, provide to the patient or to the patient's survivor or legal guardian, as appropriate, a consolidated, itemized statement or bill detailing the specific nature of the charges or expenses for the health care services the patient received from the provider. The description of billed charges shall be in plain language that is comprehensible to an ordinary layperson but may include technical terms to describe the health care services if the technical terms are defined using limited medical nomenclature as permitted under the rules adopted pursuant to this section.

(2) The itemized statement or bill required by this section shall:

(a) not describe a billed charge using only a medical billing code or a general term such as "miscellaneous charges," "supply charges," or "other charges";

(b) list the specific services received and expenses incurred by date and health care provider, enumerating in detail the constituent components of the services received within each department of a health care facility and including unit price data on rates charged by a health care facility;

(c) identify each item as paid, assigned to a third-party payer, or chargeable directly to the patient, including the amount due and the due date for any amount expected from the patient;

(d) not refer to drug code numbers without also using the appropriate brand name or generic name for each drug;

(e) include the services provided by hospital-based physicians and other health care providers who cannot bill separately;

(f) specifically identify physical, rehabilitative, occupational, or speech therapy treatment by date, type, and length of treatment; and

(g) conspicuously display the telephone number of the health care facility's patient liaison responsible for expediting the resolution of any billing dispute between the patient, or the patient's survivor or legal guardian in accordance with subsection c. of this section.

(3) After delivery of the initial statement or bill, any subsequent statement or bill provided to a patient or to the patient's survivor or legal guardian, as appropriate, relating to the same episode of care shall include all the information required by paragraph (2) of this subsection, with any revisions clearly delineated.

(4) A health care provider shall:

(a) transmit the itemized statement or bill by secure e-mail, via a secure online portal, or, upon request, by mail; and

(b) not bill or otherwise charge a patient for preparation of an itemized statement or bill required by this section.

c. Each health care facility shall establish policies and procedures for reviewing and responding to questions from a patient concerning the patient's consolidated itemized statement or bill. A response shall be provided no more than seven business days after the date a question is received.

d. The Board of Medical Examiners, in consultation with the Department of Banking and Insurance and the Division of Consumer Affairs in the Department of Law and Public Safety, shall adopt rules that specify the requirements for health care providers licensed by the board to develop and provide plain-language billing statements in accordance with this section. The Board of Medical Examiners shall ensure that the rules are consistent with P.L.2018, c.32 (C.26:2SS-1 et seq.). The rules shall specify, at a minimum, the following:

(1) the contents of the statements, including the patient's rights and payment obligations pursuant to the patient's health benefit plan;

(2) disclosure requirements specific to health care facilities, including the terms used to differentiate in-network and out-of-network services and heal