Legislative Assembly SENATE BILL NO. 2296
of North Dakota
Introduced by
Senators Paulson, Larsen, Weston
Representatives Christensen, Satrom, Vetter
1 A BILL for an Act to create and enact two new sections to chapter 28-32 of the North Dakota
2 Century Code, relating to agency adjudications and judicial deference in administrative
3 hearings.
5 SECTION 1. A new section to chapter 28-32 of the North Dakota Century Code is created
6 and enacted as follows:
7 Administrative hearings - Agency adjudications.
8 Notwithstanding any other provision of law:
9 1. The administrative agency initiating a case may not supervise the administrative law
10 judge's proceedings.
11 2. Except by proper evidence and legal argument, an administrative agency may not
12 attempt to influence the findings of fact or the administrative law judge's application of
13 the law in a contested matter.
14 3. Every decision made by an administrative law judge must contain findings of fact,
15 conclusions of law, and a disposition of the case.
16 4. Unless a party files an appeal under section 28-32-42, every decision made by an
17 administrative law judge is final.
18 SECTION 2. A new section to chapter 28-32 of the North Dakota Century Code is created
19 and enacted as follows:
20 Judicial deference.
21 Notwithstanding any other provision of law:
22 1. When interpreting a statute, regulation, or regulatory document, an administrative law
23 judge may not defer to an administrative agency's interpretation of a statute,
24 regulation, or other regulatory document to determine the meaning.
Page No. 1 23.1009.01000
Legislative Assembly
1 2. In an action involving an administrative agency, the administrative law judge shall
2 exercise doubt in favor of a reasonable interpretation that limits agency power and
3 maximizes individual liberty.
Page No. 2 23.1009.01000