Unofficial Draft Copy
67th Legislature LC 3237
1 _____________ BILL NO. _____________
2 INTRODUCED BY _________________________________________________
(Primary Sponsor)
3
4 A BILL FOR AN ACT ENTITLED: “AN ACT PROVIDING FOR A TAX ON DIGITAL ADVERTISING SERVICES;
5 PROVIDING THAT THE TAX IS LEVIED ON DIGITAL ADVERTISING SERVICES WITH WORLDWIDE
6 REVENUE OF $25 MILLION OR MORE; PROVIDING THAT THE TAX IS ASSESSED ON GROSS REVENUE
7 DERIVED FROM DIGITAL ADVERTISING SERVICES IN THE STATE; PROVIDING FOR DISTRIBUTION OF
8 THE TAX REVENUE; PROVIDING DEFINITIONS; PROVIDING RULEMAKING AUTHORITY; AND
9 PROVIDING A DELAYED EFFECTIVE DATE.”
10
11 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MONTANA:
12
13 NEW SECTION. Section 1. Definitions. As used in this chapter, the following definitions apply:
14 (1) "Annual gross revenue" means income or revenue from all sources, before any expenses or taxes,
15 computed according to generally accepted accounting principles.
16 (2) "Assessable base" means the annual gross revenue derived from digital advertising services in
17 the state.
18 (3) "Digital advertising service" means an advertisement service on a digital interface, including
19 advertisements in the form of banner advertising, search engine advertising, interstitial advertising, and other
20 comparable advertising services.
21 (4) "Digital interface" means any type of software, including a website, part of a website, or
22 application, that a user is able to access.
23 (5) (a) "Person" means an individual, estate, trust, fiduciary, corporation, partnership, limited liability
24 company, limited liability partnership, or any other legal entity.
25 (b) Unless expressly provided otherwise, the term does not include a governmental entity or a unit or
26 instrumentality of a governmental entity.
27 (6) "User" means an individual or any other person who accesses a digital interface with a device.
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Unofficial Draft Copy
67th Legislature LC 3237
1 NEW SECTION. Section 2. Digital advertising tax -- rulemaking. (1) There is a digital advertising
2 gross revenue tax imposed on each person with worldwide annual gross revenue from digital advertising
3 services of $25 million or more and with annual gross revenue derived from digital advertising services in the
4 state. A tax rate of 10% is imposed on the assessable base.
5 (2) (a) The assessable base must be determined using an apportionment fraction:
6 (i) the numerator of which is the annual gross revenue of a person derived from digital advertising
7 services in the state; and
8 (ii) the denominator of which is the annual gross revenue of a person derived from digital advertising
9 services in the United States.
10 (b) The department shall adopt administrative rules to implement the provisions of [sections 1 through
11 7], including determination of the state from which revenues from digital advertising services are derived.
12
13 NEW SECTION. Section 3. Tax return. (1) Each person with worldwide annual gross revenue from
14 digital advertising services of $25 million or more and with annual gross revenue derived from digital advertising
15 services in the state shall complete and file with the department a return on or before April 15 of the following
16 year.
17 (2) (a) Each person subject to the digital advertising gross revenue tax that reasonably expects the
18 person's annual gross revenue derived from digital advertising services in the state to exceed $1 million in the
19 tax year shall complete and file with the department a declaration of estimated tax on or before April 15 of the
20 tax year.
21 (b) A person required to file a declaration of estimated tax for a tax year shall file a quarterly
22 estimated tax return on or before June 15, September 15, and December 15 of the tax year.
23 (3) A return filed under this section must include information required by the department.
24 (4) A person required to file a return under this section shall maintain records of digital advertising
25 services provided in the state and the basis for the calculation of the digital advertising gross revenue tax owed.
26 (5) A return or declaration filed under this section is subject to the false swearing penalties provided
27 for in 45-7-202.
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Unofficial Draft Copy
67th Legislature LC 3237
1 NEW SECTION. Section 4. Tax payment. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), each person
2 required to file a return pursuant to [section 3] shall pay the tax due with the return that covers the period for
3 which the tax is due.
4 (2) A person required to file an estimated digital advertising gross revenue tax return under [section
5 3(2)] shall pay:
6 (a) at least 25% of the estimated digital advertising gross revenue tax shown on the declaration or
7 amended declaration for a tax year with the declaration or amended declaration that covers the year and with
8 each quarterly return for the tax year; and
9 (b) any unpaid digital advertising gross revenue tax for the year shown on the person's return that
10 covers the year of the return.
11
12 NEW SECTION. Section 5. Audits -- records. (1) The department may audit the books and records
13 of any digital advertising service to ensure that the proper amount of tax imposed by [section 2] has been
14 collected. An audit may be done on the premises of the digital advertising service or at any other convenient
15 location.
16 (2) The department may request the digital advertising service to provide the department with books,
17 ledgers, registers, or other documents necessary to verify the correct amount of tax.
18 (3) The digital advertising service shall maintain and have available for inspection by the department
19 books, ledgers, registers, or other documents showing the collection of digital advertising tax for the preceding
20 5 years.
21 (4) Except in the case of a person who, with intent to evade the tax, purposely or knowingly files a
22 false or fraudulent return violating the provisions of this part, the amount of tax due under any return must be
23 determined by the department within 5 years after the return is made, and the department is subsequently
24 barred from revising the return or recomputing the tax due on it, and no proceeding in court for the collection of
25 the tax may be instituted unless notice of any additional tax is provided within the period.
26 (5) An application for revision may be filed with the department by a digital service provider within 5
27 years from the original due date of the return.
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Unofficial Draft Copy
67th Legislature LC 3237
1 NEW SECTION. Section 6. Failure to pay or file -- penalty and interest -- review. (1) A digital
2 service provider who fails to file the report required by [section 3] must be assessed a penalty as provided in
3 15-1-216. The department may waive any penalty as provided in 15-1-206.
4 (2) A digital service provider who fails to make a payment required by [section 4] must be assessed a
5 penalty and interest as provided in 15-1-216. The department may waive any penalty pursuant to 15-1-206.
6 (3) (a) If a digital service provider fails to file the return required by [section 3] or if the department
7 determines that the return understates the amount of tax due, the department may determine the amount of the
8 tax due and assess that amount against the digital service provider. The provisions of 15-1-211 apply to any
9 assessment by the department. The taxpayer may seek review of the assessment pursuant to 15-1-211.
10 (b) When a deficiency is determined and the tax becomes final, the department shall mail a notice
11 and demand for payment to the digital service provider. Penalty and interest must be added to any deficiency
12 assessment as provided in 15-1-216.
13
14 NEW SECTION. Section 7. Digital advertising tax distribution. All money collected under [sections
15 1 through 7] must, in accordance with the provisions of 17-2-124, be deposited by the department in the
16 general fund.
17
18 NEW SECTION. Section 8. Codification instruction. [Sections 1 through 7] are intended to be
19 codified as an integral part of Title 15, and the provisions of Title 15 apply to [sections 1 through 7].
20
21 NEW SECTION. Section 9. Effective date. [This act] is effective January 1, 2022.
22 - END -
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