HOUSE BILL NO. 4416

A bill to prohibit the recording of deeds or other instruments relating to real property that contain certain restrictive covenants or conditions; to make such restrictions unenforceable; and to provide remedies with respect to those instruments.

The people of the state of michigan enact:

Sec. 1. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "prohibited restrictive covenants act".

Sec. 2. As used in this act:

(a) "Condominium documents" means that term as defined in section 3 of the condominium act, 1978 PA 59, MCL 559.103.

(b) "Governing documents" means the articles of incorporation, declaration of covenants, conditions, and restrictions, or bylaws of a homeowners' or property owners' association.

(c) "Person" means an individual or a partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity.

(d) "Prohibited restriction" means a restriction, covenant, or condition, including a right of entry or possibility of reverter, that violates the fair housing act, title VIII of the civil rights act of 1968, Public Law 90-284.

Sec. 3. (1) A person shall not record in the records of the register of deeds a deed or other instrument that contains a prohibited restriction.

(2) This act does not impose a duty on a register of deeds or employee of a register of deeds to inspect a deed or other instrument to determine whether recording the deed or instrument would violate subsection (1).

Sec. 4. (1) A prohibited restriction is void and has no legal effect.

(2) A court or other person shall not enforce a prohibited restriction.

Sec. 5. (1) A homeowners' or property owners' association, acting through a simple majority vote of its board, may amend the association's governing documents for the purpose of removing any prohibited restriction.

(2) If the board of a homeowners' or property owners' association receives a written request by a member of the association that the board exercise its amending authority under subsection (1), the board shall, within a reasonable time, prepare amended governing documents, as provided under subsection (1), this subsection, and subsections (3) and (4).

(3) Board action under subsection (1) or (2) does not require the vote or approval of the property owners.

(4) An amended document under subsection (1) or (2) may be executed by any board officer.

(5) The board of directors of an association of co-owners of a condominium, acting through a simple majority vote of the board, may amend the condominium documents for the purpose of removing any prohibited restriction.

(6) If the board of directors of an association of co-owners of a condominium receives a written request by a co-owner that the board exercise its amending authority under subsection (5), the board shall, within a reasonable time, prepare amended condominium documents, as provided in subsection (5).

(7) An amended document under this section must be recorded with the register of deeds for the county where the property is located and state the following:

"This amended document strikes from an original document restrictions, covenants, and conditions that are prohibited under the prohibited restrictive covenants act."

(8) An amended document prepared under this section and recorded or left to be recorded by the register of deeds must identify and refer to the original document being amended and give the liber and page or other unique identifying number where the original document is recorded.

Sec. 6. (1) A property owner may record in the records of the register of deeds for the county where the property is located an amended deed or other instrument to remove any prohibited restriction.

(2) An amended deed or other instrument under this section may be executed solely by the property owner. The deed or instrument must be executed and acknowledged in the manner required by law.

(3) An amended deed or other instrument under this section must state the following:

"This amended deed or instrument strikes from an original deed or instrument restrictions, covenants, or conditions that are prohibited under the prohibited restrictive covenants act."

(4) An amended deed or other instrument prepared under this section and recorded or left to be recorded by the register of deeds must identify and refer to the original deed or other instrument being amended and give the liber and page or other unique identifying number where the original deed or other instrument is recorded.

Sec. 7. (1) If a deed or other instrument contains a provision that is prohibited under this act, the owner, occupant, or tenant of the property that is subject to the provision or any member of the board of a homeowners' or property owners' association or of the board of directors of an association of co-owners of a condominium that would have a right to enforce such a provision may bring an action in the circuit court in the county in which the property is located to have the provision stricken from the records of the register of deeds.

(2) An action under this section must be brought as an in rem, declaratory judgment action and the title of the action must be the description of the property. The owners, occupants, or tenants of the property or any part of the property are necessary parties to the action.

(3) In an action under this section, if the court finds that any provisions of the deed or instrument are prohibited under this act, it shall enter an order striking the provisions from the records of the register of deeds and eliminating the provisions from the deed or other instrument for the property described in the complaint.

Sec. 8. (1) An amen