The Florida Senate
BILL ANALYSIS AND FISCAL IMPACT STATEMENT
(This document is based on the provisions contained in the legislation as of the latest date listed below.)
Prepared By: The Professional Staff of the Committee on Fiscal Policy
BILL: CS/CS/SB 1672
INTRODUCER: Fiscal Policy Committee; Transportation Committee; and Senators DiCeglie and Perry
SUBJECT: Temporary Airports
DATE: April 21, 2023 REVISED:
ANALYST STAFF DIRECTOR REFERENCE ACTION
1. Price Vickers TR Fav/CS
2. Price Yeatman FP Fav/CS
Please see Section IX. for Additional Information:
COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE - Substantial Changes
CS/CS/SB 1672 addresses temporary airport site approval by the Florida Department of
Transportation (FDOT). The bill re-defines the term “temporary airport,” specifying that such an
airport is one at which flight operations are conducted under visual flight rules and which is used
for less than 30 consecutive days with no more than 10 operations per day. The bill requires that
site approval be granted for a public or private temporary airport only after receipt of
documentation in a form and manner the FDOT deems necessary to satisfy specified conditions.
The bill requires a public temporary airport license or a private temporary airport registration
before the operation of aircraft to or from the airport.
Upon receipt of a completed application for a public or private temporary airport site approval
order, the bill requires the FDOT to publish notice of intent to approve or deny the application,
as specified, sets out procedures and timelines for persons whose substantial interests may be
affected by a pending order to request a hearing. The bill prohibits the FDOT from approving or
denying an application less than 14 days after the date of publication of the notice and requires
the FDOT to approve or deny an application no later than 30 days after the date of publication,
except as provided. If site approval is granted, licensure of the public temporary airport or
registration of the private temporary airport is deemed complete, and the FDOT must issue the
license or registration concurrent with the site approval.
The FDOT is prohibited from approving a subsequent application for a public or private
temporary airport site approval order for the same general location if the purpose or effect is to
evade otherwise applicable airport permitting, licensure, or registration requirements.
BILL: CS/CS/SB 1672 Page 2
Finally, the bill revises an existing exemption from the provisions of Chapter 330, F.S. (relating
to regulation of aircraft, pilots, and airports) for temporary airports used exclusively for aerial
application or spraying of crops on a seasonal basis by expressly restricting such temporary
airports to no more than ten operations per day.
The fiscal impact of the bill is indeterminate. See the “Fiscal Impact” heading below.
The bill takes effect July 1, 2023.
II. Present Situation:
Airport Site Approval
Among other aviation-related responsibilities, the FDOT is currently charged with establishing
requirements for airport1 site approval, licensure, and registration.2 The owner or lessee of any
proposed airport site is required, prior to site acquisition, construction, or establishment of the
proposed airport, to obtain approval of the airport site from the FDOT,3 in the absence of any
applicable exemption.4 For example, site approval is not required for a temporary airport, used
exclusively for aerial application or spraying of crops on a seasonal basis, not to include any
licensed airport where permanent crop aerial application or spraying facilities are installed, if the
period of operation does not exceed 30 days per calendar year.5
Application for site approval must be made in a form and manner prescribed by the FDOT,6 and
the FDOT must grant the site approval if it is satisfied that:
The site has adequate area allocated for the airport as proposed;
The proposed airport will conform to licensing or registration requirements and will comply
with the applicable local government land development regulations or zoning requirements;
All affected airports, local governments, and property owners have been notified and any
comments submitted by them have been given adequate consideration; and
Safe air-traffic patterns can be established for the proposed airport with all existing airports
and approved airport sites in its vicinity.7
The FDOT may grant a site approval for a public airport only after a favorable FDOT inspection
of the proposed site and, for a private airport, only after receipt of documentation in a form and
manner the FDOT deems necessary to satisfy the above conditions.8 Site approval for both
“Airport” means an area of land or water used for, or intended to be used for, landing and takeoff of aircraft, including
appurtenant areas, buildings, facilities, or rights-of-way necessary to facilitate such use or intended use. Section 330.27(2),
Section 330.29(2), F.S.
Section 330.30(1)(a), F.S.
See s. 330.30(3), F.S.
Section 330.30(3)(e), F.S.
Supra note 3.
Section 330.30(1)(b)-(d), F.S. The FDOT’s rule requires public airport site approval applicants to submit a Public Airport
Site Approval Application on a form incorporated by reference, along with all required supporting documentation, to the
State Aviation Manager in the FDOT’s Central Office in Tallahassee. Private airport site approval applicants are required to
BILL: CS/CS/SB 1672 Page 3
public and private airports may be granted subject to any reasonable conditions the FDOT deems
necessary to protect the public health, safety, or welfare.9 Approval of a public or private airport
site remains valid for two years after the date of issue, unless revoked by the FDOT10 or unless a
public airport license or private airport registration is completed before the expiration date of the
existing license or registration.11 However, the FDOT may extend a site approval for subsequent
periods of two years per extension for good cause.12
Airport Licensing and Registration
To be distinguished from site approval, before the operation of aircraft to or from a facility, the
owner or lessee of any airport in this state must have either a public airport license or private
airport registration.13 Upon granting site approval:
For a public airport, the FDOT must issue a license after a final airport inspection finds the
facility to be in compliance with all requirements for the license, which may be subject to
any reasonable conditions the FDOT deems necessary to protect the public health, safety and
For a private airport, the FDOT must provide controlled electronic access to the state aviation
facility data system to permit the applicant to complete the registration process. Private
airport registration must be completed upon self-certification by the registrant of operational
and configuration data deemed necessary by the FDOT.15
Each public airport license expires no later than one year after the effective date of the existing
license, except that the expiration date may be adjusted to a maximum of 18 months to facilitate
airport inspections, recognize seasonal airport operations, or improve administrative efficiency. 16
Private airport registration remains valid so long as specific elements of airport data, established
by the FDOT, are periodically recertified by the airport registrant by electronic submittal. A
private airport registration not recertified in the 24-month period following the last certification
expires, unless the registration period has been adjusted by the FDOT for purposes of informing
private airport owners of their registration responsibilities or promoting administrative
The FDOT may require a new site approval for any airport if the license or registration has
expired.18 If a renewal application for a public airport license has not been received by the FDOT
complete an interactive internet-based registration application and certify that the information contained therein is true and
correct to the best of their knowledge, using the FDOT’s electronic aviation facility data system. Rule 14-60.005(3)(a) and
(b), F.A.C. See also Rule 14-60.005(6), F.A.C., for additional information regarding use of the private airport registration and
site approval website, documentation, and records retention relating to private airport site approval applicants.
Section 330.30(1)(d), F.S.
See s. 330.30(1)(g), F.S.
Section 330.30(1)(e), F.S.
Section 330.30(1)(f), F.S.
Section 330.30(2)(a), F.S.
Section 330.30(2)(a)1., F.S.
Section 330.30(2)(a)2., F.S.
Section 330.30(2)(d)1., F.S.
Section 330.30(2)(d)2., F.S.
Section 330.30(2)(d)4., F.S.
BILL: CS/CS/SB 1672 Page 4
or no private airport registration recertification has been accomplished within 15 days after the
date of expiration, the FDOT may revoke the airport license or registration.19 Additionally, the
FDOT may revoke, or refuse to allow or issue, any airport registration or certification upon
specified determinations, including, but not limited to, that the airport does not comply with the
conditions of the license, license renewal, or site approval.20
The FDOT may license a public airport, or a private airport may register, as a temporary
airport,21 provided that the airport will not endanger the public health, safety, or welfare and the
airport meets the temporary airport requirements established by the FDOT.22 Such conditions
Operations limited to VFR23 flight conditions,
Restricted approach or takeoff direction from only one end of a runway,
Specified air-traffic pattern layouts to help prevent mid-air collision conflict with aircraft
flying at another nearby airport,
Airport noise abatement procedures to satisfy community standards, or
Other environmental compatibility measures.24
A temporary airport license or registration is valid for less than 30 days and is not renewable.25
According to the FDOT’s rule, due to the limitations placed on their use for a period of less than
30 days and the restriction to no more than ten operations per day, and due to a normal short
lead-time prior to the necessity for activating flight operations, applicants for temporary, public
or private airport sit approval “shall have a site approval process with each proposal evaluated by
the FDOT based on the application. Applicants for a temporary, public or private airport site
approval should contact the Department at the earliest opportunity to present their requirements
and request a site proposal review and Department approval or disapproval.”26
Section 330.30(2)(d)5., F.S.
Section 330.30(2)(e), F.S.
“Temporary airport” means any airport that will be used for a period of less than 30 days with no more than 10 operations
per day. Section 330.27(7), F.S.
Section 330.30(2)(c), F.S.
The term “VFR” (visual flight rules) is defined in federal regulation as rules that govern the procedures for conducting
flight under visual conditions. The term “VFR” is also used in the United States to indicate weather conditions that are equal
to or greater than minimum VFR requirements. In addition, “VFR” is used by pilots and controllers to indicate the type
of flight plan. 14 C.F.R. § 170.3. Generally, persons proposing to construct, alter, activate, or deactivate a civil or joint-use
airport, or to alter the status or use of such airport, are required to notify the Federal Aviation Administration. See 14 C.F.R. §
157.1. Although federal law does not define temporary airports, federal law contains certain exclusions from federal airport
regulations, such as an airport at which flight operations will be conducted under visual flight rules and which is used or
intended to be used for a period of less than 30 consecutive days with no more than 10 operations per day. 14 C.F.R. §
Rule 14-60.005(4), F.A.C.
Section 330.30(2)(c), F.S. The FDOT’s rule provides that a temporary, public or private airport license or registration is
valid only for less than 30 consecutive calendar days and is not renewable for any consecutive period of activation. Further,
recurring requirements for such license or registration at the same general location will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
Rule 14-60.006(5), F.A.C.
Rule 14-60.005(3)(c), F.A.C.
BILL: CS/CS/SB 1672 Page 5
The FDOT must conduct a review and detailed audit, as necessary, of the information submitted
by temporary, public or private airport applicants and allow site approval for temporary airports
only after the conditions described above are met. Physical inspection of the site is not
required.27 However, “due to the short lead time and duration, as well as urgent requirements
often related to a temporary airport, the Department will not publish announcement for public
review and comment regarding its issuance of a temporary airport site approval order.
Temporary airport site approval orders shall take effect concurrent with the date of issuance.”28
Florida’s Administrative Procedure Act
The Administrative Procedure Act (the APA) has been described by the Joint Administrative
Procedures Committee as follows:
In Chapter 120, Florida Statutes, the Administrative Procedure Act outlines a
comprehensive administrative process by which agencies exercise the authority
granted by the Legislature while offering opportunities for citizen involvement.
This process subjects state agencies to a uniform procedure in enacting rules and
issuing orders and allows citizens to challenge an agency’s decision. The
Administrative Procedure Act serves to protect the citizens of Florida from
thousands of unauthorized rules that would otherwise be in effect.29
“Agency” is defined in current law30 and includes the FDOT. “Agency action” means the
whole or part of a rule or order, or the equivalent, or the denial of a petition to adopt a
rule or issue an order, or to initiate rulemaking.31
Florida law is well settled that “an agency must grant affected parties a clear point of
entry,32 within a specified time after some recognizable event in investigatory or other
free-form proceedings, to formal or informal proceedings.” An agency must afford the
persons or entities an opportunity to question, challenge, or contest the agency action that
they believe affects them.33
Parties34 shall be notified of any order and, unless waived by the parties, a copy of the
order must be delivered or mailed to each party or the party’s attorney of record at the
Rule 14-60.007(c), F.A.C.
Id. Emphasis added.
See PocketGuideFloridaAPA.pdf (state.fl.us) (last visited March 29, 2023). Emphasis added.
Section 120.52(1), F.S.
Section 120.52(2), F.S.
See also Rule 28-106.111, F.A.C.
Capeletti Brothers, Inc. vs. State Dept. of Trans., 362 So.2d 346, 348 (Fla. 1st DCA 1978). Generally, formal proceedings
(or hearings) are those that involve disputed issues of material fact and are conducted by the Division of Administrative
Hearings, while informal proceedings are those that do not involve disputed issues of material fact and are conducted by the
agency. Section 120.57(1) and (2), F.S. See s. 120.569(1), F.S., for additional information on the applicability of formal vs.
The definition of “party” under the APA, among others, means specifically named persons whose substantial interests are
being determined in the proceeding and, most relevant to the bill, any other person who, as a matter of constitutional right,
provision of statute, or provision of agency regulation, is entitled to participate in whole or in part in the proceeding, or
whose substantial interest will be affected by proposed agency action, and who makes an appearance as a party. Section
120.52(3)(a) and (b), F.S.
BILL: CS/CS/SB 1672 Page 6
address of record. Section 120.569, F.S., requires that each notice inform the recipient of
any administrative hearing or judicial review that is available under that section,35 s.
120.57, F.S.,36 or s.