General Assembly Raised Bill No. 6663
January Session, 2021 LCO No. 4980
Referred to Committee on GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION
AND ELECTIONS
Introduced by:
(GAE)
AN ACT REVISING CERTAIN CAMPAIGN FINANCE STATUTES.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General
Assembly convened:
1 Section 1. Section 9-611 of the general statutes is repealed and the
2 following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2021):
3 (a) No individual shall make a contribution or contributions to, for
4 the benefit of, or pursuant to the authorization or request of, a candidate
5 or a committee supporting or opposing any candidate's campaign for
6 nomination at a primary, or any candidate's campaign for election, to
7 the office of (1) Governor, in excess of three thousand five hundred
8 dollars; (2) Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of the State, Treasurer,
9 Comptroller or Attorney General, in excess of two thousand dollars; (3)
10 chief executive officer of a town, city or borough, in excess of one
11 thousand dollars; (4) state senator or probate judge, in excess of one
12 thousand dollars; or (5) state representative or any other office of a
13 municipality not previously included in this subsection, in excess of two
14 hundred fifty dollars. The limits imposed by this subsection shall be
15 applied separately to primaries and elections.
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16 (b) (1) No individual shall make a contribution or contributions to, or
17 for the benefit of, an exploratory committee, in excess of three hundred
18 seventy-five dollars, if the candidate establishing the exploratory
19 committee certifies on the statement of organization for the exploratory
20 committee pursuant to subsection (c) of section 9-604 that the candidate
21 will not be a candidate for the office of state representative. No
22 individual shall make a contribution or contributions to, or for the
23 benefit of, any exploratory committee, in excess of two hundred fifty
24 dollars, if the candidate establishing the exploratory committee does not
25 so certify.
26 (2) No individual shall make a contribution or contributions to, or for
27 the benefit of, a political committee formed by a slate of candidates in a
28 primary for the office of justice of the peace, in excess of two hundred
29 fifty dollars.
30 [(c) No individual shall make contributions to such candidates or
31 committees which in the aggregate exceed thirty thousand dollars for
32 any single election and primary preliminary to such election.]
33 [(d)] (c) No individual shall make a contribution to any candidate or
34 committee, other than a contribution in kind, in excess of one hundred
35 dollars except by personal check or credit card of that individual.
36 [(e)] (d) No individual who is less than eighteen years of age shall
37 make a contribution or contributions, in excess of thirty dollars to, for
38 the benefit of, or pursuant to the authorization or request of: (1) A
39 candidate or a committee supporting or opposing any candidate's
40 campaign for nomination at a primary to any office; (2) a candidate or a
41 committee supporting or opposing any candidate's campaign for
42 election to any office; (3) an exploratory committee; (4) any other
43 political committee in any calendar year; or (5) a party committee in any
44 calendar year. Notwithstanding any provision of subdivision (2) of
45 section 9-7b, any individual who is less than eighteen years of age who
46 violates any provision of this subsection shall not be subject to the
47 provisions of subdivision (2) of section 9-7b.
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48 Sec. 2. Section 9-601 of the general statutes is amended by adding
49 subdivision (32) as follows (Effective October 1, 2021):
50 (NEW) (32) "Independent expenditure political committee" means a
51 political committee that makes only (A) independent expenditures, and
52 (B) contributions to other independent expenditure political
53 committees.
54 Sec. 3. Subdivision (3) of section 9-601 of the general statutes is
55 repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October
56 1, 2021):
57 (3) "Political committee" means (A) a committee organized by a
58 business entity or organization, (B) persons other than individuals, or
59 two or more individuals organized or acting jointly conducting their
60 activities in or outside the state, (C) an exploratory committee, (D) a
61 committee established by or on behalf of a slate of candidates in a
62 primary for the office of justice of the peace, but does not mean a
63 candidate committee or a party committee, (E) a legislative caucus
64 committee, [or] (F) a legislative leadership committee, or (G) an
65 independent expenditure political committee.
66 Sec. 4. Subdivision (1) of subsection (g) of section 9-607 of the general
67 statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof
68 (Effective October 1, 2021):
69 (g) (1) As used in this subsection, (A) "the lawful purposes of the
70 committee" means: (i) For a candidate committee or exploratory
71 committee, the promoting of the nomination or election of the candidate
72 who established the committee, except that after a political party
73 nominates candidates for election to the offices of Governor and
74 Lieutenant Governor, whose names shall be so placed on the ballot in
75 the election that an elector will cast a single vote for both candidates, as
76 prescribed in section 9-181, a candidate committee established by either
77 such candidate may also promote the election of the other such
78 candidate; (ii) for a political committee, other than an independent
79 expenditure political committee described in subparagraph (A)(iv) of
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80 this subdivision, the promoting of (I) a political party, including party
81 building activities, (II) the success or defeat of candidates for
82 nomination [and] or election to public office or position subject to the
83 requirements of this chapter, or (III) the success or defeat of referendum
84 questions, provided a political committee formed for a single
85 referendum question shall not promote the success or defeat of any
86 candidate, and provided further a legislative leadership committee or a
87 legislative caucus committee may expend funds to defray costs for
88 conducting legislative or constituency-related business which are not
89 reimbursed or paid by the state; [and] (iii) for a party committee, the
90 promoting of the party, party building activities, the candidates of the
91 party and continuing operating costs of the party; and (iv) for an
92 independent expenditure political committee, the promoting of (I) a
93 political party, (II) the success or defeat of candidates for nomination or
94 election to public office or position subject to the requirements of this
95 chapter, or (III) the success or defeat of referendum questions, provided
96 an independent expenditure political committee shall act entirely
97 independently of a candidate, candidate committee, party committee or
98 political committee that is not an independent expenditure political
99 committee, or any agent of such candidate or committee, and (B)
100 "immediate family" means a spouse or dependent child of a candidate
101 who resides in the candidate's household.
102 Sec. 5. Subparagraph (C) of subdivision (1) of subsection (e) of section
103 9-608 of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted
104 in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2021):
105 (C) (i) Each political committee formed solely to aid or promote the
106 success or defeat of any referendum question, which does not receive
107 contributions from a business entity or an organization, shall distribute
108 its surplus to a party committee, to a political committee organized for
109 ongoing political activities, to a national committee of a political party,
110 to all contributors to the committee on a prorated basis of contribution,
111 to state or municipal governments or agencies or to any organization
112 which is a tax-exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the
113 Internal Revenue Code of 1986, or any subsequent corresponding
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114 internal revenue code of the United States, as from time to time
115 amended.
116 (ii) Each political committee formed solely to aid or promote the
117 success or defeat of any referendum question, which receives
118 contributions from a business entity or an organization, and each
119 independent expenditure political committee other than an
120 independent expenditure political committee formed for ongoing
121 political activities, shall distribute its surplus to all contributors to the
122 committee on a prorated basis of contribution, to state or municipal
123 governments or agencies, or to any organization which is tax-exempt
124 under said provisions of the Internal Revenue Code.
125 (iii) Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, a committee
126 formed for a single referendum shall not be required to expend its
127 surplus not later than ninety days after the referendum and may
128 continue in existence if a substantially similar referendum question on
129 the same issue will be submitted to the electorate within six months after
130 the first referendum. If two or more substantially similar referenda on
131 the same issue are submitted to the electorate, each no more than six
132 months apart, the committee shall expend such surplus within ninety
133 days following the date of the last such referendum;
134 Sec. 6. Subsections (a) and (b) of section 9-612 of the general statutes
135 are repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective
136 October 1, 2021):
137 (a) (1) No individual shall make a contribution or contributions in any
138 one calendar year in excess of ten thousand dollars to the state central
139 committee of any party, or for the benefit of such committee pursuant
140 to its authorization or request; or two thousand dollars to a town
141 committee of any political party, or for the benefit of such committee
142 pursuant to its authorization or request; or two thousand dollars to a
143 legislative caucus committee or legislative leadership committee; [,] or
144 one thousand dollars to any other political committee other than [(1)]
145 (A) a political committee formed solely to aid or promote the success or
146 defeat of a referendum question, [(2)] (B) an exploratory committee, [(3)]
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147 (C) a political committee established by an organization, or for the
148 benefit of such committee pursuant to its authorization or request, [or
149 (4)] (D) a political committee formed by a slate of candidates in a
150 primary for the office of justice of the peace of the same town, or (E) an
151 independent expenditure political committee.
152 (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (1) of this
153 subsection and unless otherwise restricted or prohibited by law, an
154 individual may make contributions to an independent expenditure
155 political committee.
156 (b) (1) No individual shall make a contribution to a political
157 committee established by an organization which receives its funds from
158 the organization's treasury. With respect to a political committee
159 established by an organization which has complied with the provisions
160 of subsection (b) or (c) of section 9-614, as amended by this act, and has
161 elected to receive contributions, no individual other than a member of
162 the organization may make contributions to the committee, in which
163 case the individual may contribute not more than seven hundred fifty
164 dollars in any one calendar year to such committee or for the benefit of
165 such committee pursuant to its authorization or request.
166 (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (1) of this
167 subsection and unless otherwise restricted or prohibited by law, an
168 individual may make contributions to an independent expenditure
169 political committee established by an organization.
170 Sec. 7. Section 9-613 of the general statutes is repealed and the
171 following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2021):
172 (a) [No] Except as provided in subsection (g) of this section, a
173 business entity shall not make any contributions or expenditures (1) to,
174 or for the benefit of, any candidate's campaign (A) for election to any
175 public office or position subject to this chapter, or (B) for nomination at
176 a primary for any such office or position, or (2) to promote the defeat of
177 any candidate for any such office or position. [No] A business entity
178 shall not make any other contributions or expenditures to promote the
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179 success or defeat of any political party. [, except as provided in
180 subsection (b) of this section. No] A business entity shall not establish
181 more than one political committee. A political committee shall be
182 deemed to have been established by a business entity if the initial
183 disbursement or contribution to the committee is made under
184 subsection (b) of this section or by an officer, director, owner, limited or
185 general partner or holder of stock constituting five per cent or more of
186 the total outstanding stock of any class of the business entity.
187 (b) A business entity may make reasonable and necessary transfers or
188 disbursements to or for the benefit of a political committee established
189 by such business entity, for the administration of, or solicitation of
190 contributions to, such political committee. Nonmonetary contributions
191 by a business entity which are incidental in nature and are directly
192 attributable to the administration of such political committee shall be
193 exempt from the reporting requirements of this chapter.
194 (c) The provisions of this section shall not preclude a business entity
195 from making contributions or expenditures to promote the success or
196 defeat of a referendum question.
197 (d) [A] Except as provided in subsection (g) of this section, a political
198 committee organized by a business entity shall not make a contribution
199 or contributions to or for the benefit of any candidate's campaign for
200 nomination at a primary or any candidate's campaign for election to the
201 office of: (1) Governor, in excess of five thousand dollars; (2) Lieutenant
202 Governor, Secretary of the State, Treasurer, Comptroller or Attorney
203 General, in excess of three thousand dollars; (3) state senator, probate
204 judge or chief executive officer of a town, city or borough, in excess of
205 one thousand five hundred dollars; (4) state representative, in excess of
206 seven hundred fifty dollars; or (5) any other office of a municipality not
207 included in subdivision (3) of this subsection, in excess of three hundred
208 seventy-five dollars. The limits imposed by this subsection shall apply
209 separately to primaries and elections and contributions by any such
210 committee to candidates designated in this subsection shall not exceed
211 one hundred thousand dollars in the aggregate for any single election
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212 and primary preliminary thereto. Contributions to such committees
213 shall also be subject to the provisions of section 9-618, as amended by
214 this act, in the case of committees formed for ongoing political activity
215 or section 9-619, as amended by this act, in the case of committees
216 formed for a single election or primary.
217 (e) [No] Except as provided in subsection (g) of this section, a political
218 committee organized by a business entity shall not make a contribution
219 or contributions to (1) a state central committee of a political party, in
220 excess of seven thousand five hundred dollars in any calendar year, (2)
221 a town committee of any political party, in excess of one thousand five
222 hundred dollars in any calendar year, (3) an exploratory committee in
223 excess of three hundred seventy-five dollars, or (4) any other kind of
224 political committee, in excess of two thousand dollars in any calendar
225 year.
226 (f) As used in this subsection, "investment services" means
227 investment legal services, investment banking services, investment
228 advisory services, underwriting services, financial advisory services or
229 brokerage firm services. [No] A political committee established by a
230 firm which provides investment services and to which the State
231 Treasurer pays compensation, expenses or fees or issues a contract shall
232 not make a contribution to, or solicit contributions on behalf of, an
233 exploratory committee or candidate committee established by a
234 candidate for nomination or election to the office of State Treasurer
235 during the term of office of the State Treasurer who does business with
236 such firm.
237 (g) (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of [this section, a corporation,
238 cooperative association, limited partnership, professional association,
239 limited liability company or limited liability partnership, whether
240 formed in this state or any other, acting alone,] subsections (a) to (f),
241 inclusive, of this section, a business entity may make independent
242 expenditures.
243