General Assembly Raised Bill No. 948
January Session, 2021 LCO No. 3960
Referred to Committee on EDUCATION
Introduced by:
(ED)
AN ACT ADDRESSING EDUCATION FUNDING AND RACIAL EQUITY
IN CONNECTICUT.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General
Assembly convened:
1 Section 1. Subdivision (22) of section 10-262f of the general statutes is
2 repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective July 1,
3 2021):
4 (22) "Resident students" means the number of pupils of the town
5 enrolled in public schools at the expense of the town on October first or
6 the full school day immediately preceding such date, [provided] except
7 (A) the number shall be decreased by the Department of Education for
8 failure to comply with the provisions of section 10-16, [and] (B) the
9 number shall be increased by one one-hundred-eightieth for each
10 full-time equivalent school day in the school year immediately
11 preceding such date of at least five hours of actual school work in excess
12 of one hundred eighty days and nine hundred hours of actual school
13 work and be increased by the full-time equivalent number of such
14 pupils attending the summer sessions immediately preceding such date
15 at the expense of the town, and (C) for the fiscal year ending June 30,
LCO No. 3960 1 of 37
Raised Bill No. 948
16 2022, the number of pupils of the town enrolled in public schools at the
17 expense of the town on October 1, 2019, or October 1, 2020, whichever
18 is greater; "enrolled" shall include pupils who are scheduled for vacation
19 on the above date and who are expected to return to school as
20 scheduled. Pupils participating in the program established pursuant to
21 section 10-266aa shall be counted in accordance with the provisions of
22 subsection (h) of section 10-266aa.
23 Sec. 2. Subdivision (25) of section 10-262f of the general statutes is
24 repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective July 1,
25 2021):
26 (25) "Total need students" means the sum of (A) the number of
27 resident students of the town for the school year, [(B) (i) for any school
28 year commencing prior to July 1, 1998, one-quarter the number of
29 children under the temporary family assistance program for the prior
30 fiscal year, and (ii) for the school years commencing July 1, 1998, to July
31 1, 2006, inclusive, one-quarter the number of children under the
32 temporary family assistance program for the fiscal year ending June 30,
33 1997, (C) for school years commencing July 1, 1995, to July 1, 2006,
34 inclusive, one-quarter of the mastery count for the school year, (D) for
35 school years commencing July 1, 1995, to July 1, 2006, inclusive, ten per
36 cent of the number of eligible children, as defined in subdivision (1) of
37 section 10-17e, for whom the board of education is not required to
38 provide a program pursuant to section 10-17f, (E) for the school years
39 commencing July 1, 2007, to July 1, 2012, inclusive, fifteen per cent of the
40 number of eligible students, as defined in subdivision (1) of section 10-
41 17e, for whom the board of education is not required to provide a
42 program pursuant to section 10-17f, (F) for the school years commencing
43 July 1, 2007, to July 1, 2012, inclusive, thirty-three per cent of the number
44 of children below the level of poverty, (G) for the school years
45 commencing July 1, 2013, to July 1, 2016, inclusive, thirty per cent of the
46 number of children eligible for free or reduced price meals or free milk,
47 and (H)] (B) for the school year commencing July 1, 2021, (i) thirty per
48 cent of the number of children eligible for free or reduced price meals or
49 free milk on October 1, 2019, or October 1, 2020, whichever is greater,
LCO No. 3960 2 of 37
Raised Bill No. 948
50 (ii) fifteen per cent of the number of children eligible for free or reduced
51 price meals or free milk, on October 1, 2019, or October 1, 2020,
52 whichever is greater, in excess of the number of children eligible for free
53 or reduced price meals or free milk that is equal to sixty per cent of the
54 total number of resident students of the town on October 1, 2019, or
55 October 1, 2020, whichever is greater, and (iii) twenty-five per cent of
56 the number of resident students who are English language learners, as
57 defined in section 10-76kk on October 1, 2019, or October 1, 2020,
58 whichever is greater, and (C) for the school year commencing July 1,
59 [2017] 2022, and each school year thereafter, (i) thirty per cent of the
60 number of children eligible for free or reduced price meals or free milk,
61 (ii) [five] fifteen per cent of the number of children eligible for free or
62 reduced price meals or free milk in excess of the number of children
63 eligible for free or reduced price meals or free milk that is equal to
64 [seventy-five] sixty per cent of the total number of resident students of
65 the town for the school year, and (iii) [fifteen] twenty-five per cent of the
66 number of resident students who are English language learners, as
67 defined in section 10-76kk.
68 Sec. 3. Section 10-262h of the general statutes is repealed and the
69 following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective July 1, 2021):
70 [(a) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2018, each town maintaining
71 public schools according to law shall be entitled to an equalization aid
72 grant as follows: (1) Any town designated as an alliance district, as
73 defined in section 10-262u, shall be entitled to an equalization aid grant
74 in an amount equal to its base grant amount; and (2) any town not
75 designated as an alliance district shall be entitled to an equalization aid
76 grant in an amount equal to ninety-five per cent of its base grant
77 amount.
78 (b) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, each town maintaining
79 public schools according to law shall be entitled to an equalization aid
80 grant as follows: (1) Any town whose fully funded grant is greater than
81 its base grant amount shall be entitled to an equalization aid grant in an
82 amount equal to its base grant amount plus four and one-tenth per cent
LCO No. 3960 3 of 37
Raised Bill No. 948
83 of its grant adjustment; and (2) any town whose fully funded grant is
84 less than its base grant amount shall be entitled to an equalization aid
85 grant in an amount equal to its base grant amount minus twenty-five
86 per cent of its grant adjustment, except any such town designated as an
87 alliance district shall be entitled to an equalization aid grant in an
88 amount equal to its base grant amount.]
89 [(c)] (a) For the fiscal years ending June 30, [2020] 2022, to June 30,
90 2027, inclusive, each town maintaining public schools according to law
91 shall be entitled to an equalization aid grant as follows: (1) Any town
92 whose fully funded grant is greater than its base grant amount shall be
93 entitled to an equalization aid grant in an amount equal to its
94 [equalization aid grant amount for the previous fiscal year plus ten and
95 sixty-six-one-hundredths per cent of its grant adjustment] fully funded
96 grant; and (2) any town whose fully funded grant is less than its base
97 grant amount shall be entitled to an equalization aid grant in an amount
98 equal to its equalization aid grant amount for the previous fiscal year
99 minus eight and thirty-three-one-hundredths per cent of its grant
100 adjustment, except any such town designated as an alliance district shall
101 be entitled to an equalization aid grant in an amount equal to its base
102 grant amount.
103 [(d)] (b) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2028, and each fiscal year
104 thereafter, each town maintaining public schools according to law shall
105 be entitled to an equalization aid grant in an amount equal to its fully
106 funded grant, except any town designated as an alliance district whose
107 fully funded grant amount is less than its base grant amount shall be
108 entitled to an equalization aid grant in an amount equal to its base grant
109 amount.
110 Sec. 4. (NEW) (Effective July 1, 2021) (a) As used in this section, and
111 sections 10-65, 10-66ee, 10-264l and 10-266aa of the general statutes, as
112 amended by this act:
113 (1) "Choice program" means (A) an interdistrict magnet school
114 program, (B) a state charter school, (C) a regional agricultural science
LCO No. 3960 4 of 37
Raised Bill No. 948
115 and technology center, or (D) the interdistrict public school attendance
116 program pursuant to section 10-266aa of the general statutes, as
117 amended by this act.
118 (2) "Foundation" has the same meaning as provided in section 10-262f
119 of the general statutes, as amended by this act.
120 (3) "Resident students" has the same meaning as provided in section
121 10-262f of the general statutes, as amended by this act.
122 (4) "Resident choice program students" means the number of students
123 of a town enrolled or participating in a particular choice program.
124 (5) "Total need students" has the same meaning as provided in section
125 10-262f of the general statutes, as amended by this act.
126 (6) "Total magnet school program need students" means the sum of
127 (A) the number of students enrolled in the interdistrict magnet school
128 program of the interdistrict magnet school operator, who is not a local
129 or regional board of education, for the school year, and (B) for the school
130 year commencing July 1, 2021, and each school year thereafter, (i) thirty
131 per cent of the number of children enrolled in such interdistrict magnet
132 school program eligible for free or reduced price meals or free milk, (ii)
133 fifteen per cent of the number of such children eligible for free or
134 reduced price meals or free milk in excess of the number of such children
135 eligible for free or reduced price meals or free milk that is equal to sixty
136 per cent of the total number of children enrolled in such interdistrict
137 magnet school program, and (iii) twenty-five per cent of the number of
138 students enrolled in such interdistrict magnet school program who are
139 English language learners, as defined in section 10-76kk of the general
140 statutes, and (iv) fifteen per cent of the number of students enrolled in
141 such interdistrict magnet school program if such interdistrict magnet
142 school program is assisting the state in meeting its obligations pursuant
143 to the decision in Sheff v. O'Neill, 238 Conn. 1 (1996), or any related
144 stipulation or order in effect, as determined by the commissioner.
145 (7) "Total state charter school need students" means the sum of (A)
LCO No. 3960 5 of 37
Raised Bill No. 948
146 the number of students enrolled in state charter schools under the
147 control of the governing authority for such state charter schools for the
148 school year, and (B) for the school year commencing July 1, 2021, and
149 each school year thereafter, (i) thirty per cent of the number of children
150 enrolled in such state charter schools eligible for free or reduced price
151 meals or free milk, (ii) fifteen per cent of the number of such children
152 eligible for free or reduced price meals or free milk in excess of the
153 number of such children eligible for free or reduced price meals or free
154 milk that is equal to sixty per cent of the total number of children
155 enrolled in such state charter schools, and (iii) twenty-five per cent of
156 the number of students enrolled in such state charter schools who are
157 English language learners, as defined in section 10-76kk of the general
158 statutes.
159 (8) "Sending town" means the town that sends resident choice
160 program students, which it would otherwise be legally responsible for
161 educating, to a choice program.
162 (9) "Receiving district" has the same meaning as provided in section
163 10-266aa of the general statutes, as amended by this act.
164 (10) "Weighted funding amount per pupil" means the quotient of (A)
165 the product of the foundation and a town's total need students for the
166 fiscal year prior to the year in which the grant is to be paid, and (B) the
167 number of resident students of the town.
168 (11) "Weighted funding amount per sending town" means the
169 product of a town's (A) weighted funding amount per pupil, and (B)
170 number of resident choice program students for a particular choice
171 program.
172 (12) "Choice program grant" means the sum of the weighted funding
173 amount per sending town for each sending town.
174 (b) (1) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2022, and each fiscal year
175 thereafter, an interdistrict magnet school program operator, other than
176 an operator that is a local or regional board of education, shall be
LCO No. 3960 6 of 37
Raised Bill No. 948
177 entitled to a grant in an amount equal to the product of the foundation
178 and its total magnet school program need students.
179 (2) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2022, and each fiscal year
180 thereafter, an interdistrict magnet school operator that is a local or
181 regional board of education shall be entitled to a grant in an amount
182 equal to its choice program grant.
183 (c) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2022, and each fiscal year
184 thereafter, the governing authority for a state charter school shall be
185 entitled to a grant in an amount equal to the product of the foundation
186 and its total state charter school need students.
187 (d) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2022, and each fiscal year
188 thereafter, the local or regional board of education for each receiving
189 district shall be entitled to a grant in an amount equal to its choice
190 program grant.
191 (e) For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2022, and each fiscal year
192 thereafter, a local or regional board of education that operates a regional
193 agricultural science and technology center shall be entitled to a grant in
194 an amount equal to its choice program grant.
195 Sec. 5. Section 10-264l of the general statutes is repealed and the
196 following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective July 1, 2021):
197 (a) The Department of Education shall, within available
198 appropriations, establish a grant program (1) to assist (A) local and
199 regional boards of education, (B) regional educational service centers,
200 (C) the Board of Trustees of the Community-Technical Colleges on
201 behalf of Quinebaug Valley Community College and Three Rivers
202 Community College, and (D) cooperative arrangements pursuant to
203 section 10-158a, and (2) in assisting the state in meeting its obligations
204 pursuant to the decision in Sheff v. O'Neill, 238 Conn. 1 (1996), or any
205 related stipulation or order in effect, as determined by the
206 commissioner, to assist (A) the Board of Trustees of the Community-
207 Technical Colleges on behalf of a regional community-technical college,
LCO No. 3960 7 of 37
Raised Bill No. 948
208 (B) the Board of Trustees of the Connecticut State University System on
209 behalf of a state university, (C) the Board of Trustees of The University
210 of Connecticut on behalf of the university, (D) the board of governors
211 for an independent institution of higher education, as defined in
212 subsection (a) of section 10a-173, or the equivalent of such a board, on
213 behalf of the independent institution of higher education, and (E) any
214 other third-party not-for-profit corporation approved by the
215 commissioner with the operation of interdistrict magnet school
216 programs. All interdistrict magnet schools shall be operated in
217 conformance with the same laws and regulations applicable to public
218 schools. For the purposes of this section "an interdistrict magnet school
219 program" means a program which (i) supports racial, ethnic and
220 economic diversity, (ii) offers a special and high quality curriculum, and
221 (iii) requires students who are enrolled to attend at least half-time. An
222 interdistrict magnet school program does not include a regional
223 agricultural science and technology school, a technical education and
224 career school or a regional special education center. For the school years
225 commencing July 1, 2017, to July 1, 2020, inclusive, the governing
226 authority for each interdistrict magnet school program shall (I) restrict
227 the number of students that may enroll in the school from a participating
228 district to seventy-five per cent of the total school enrollment, and (II)
229 maintain a total school enrollment that is in accordance with the
230 reduced-isolation setting standards for interdistrict magnet school
231 programs, developed by the Commissioner of Education pursuant to
232 section 10-264r.
233 (b) (1) Applications for interdistrict magnet school program
234 operating grants awarded pursuant to this section shall be submitted
235 annually to