Existing law, the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act, authorizes the involuntary commitment and treatment of persons with specified mental health disorders for the protection of the persons so committed. Under the act, if a person, as a result of a mental health disorder, is a danger to others, or to themselves, or is gravely disabled, the person may, upon probable cause, be taken into custody by a peace officer, a member of the attending staff of an evaluation facility, designated members of a mobile crisis team, or another designated professional person, and placed in a facility designated by the county and approved by the State Department of Social Services as a facility for 72-hour treatment and evaluation. The act also authorizes a conservator of the person, of the estate, or of both, to be appointed for a person who is gravely disabled as a result of a mental health disorder. For these
purposes, existing law defines    gravely disabled    to mean either a condition in which a person, as a result of a mental health disorder or chronic alcoholism, is unable to provide for the person   s basic personal needs for food, clothing, or shelter, or a condition in which a person has been found mentally incompetent, as specified.
This bill would state the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation to reform the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act, including expanding the definition of    gravely disabled    to add a condition in which a person is unable to provide for their own medical treatment as a result of a mental health disorder, and emphasizing the necessity to create policies that prioritize living safely in communities.